Toronto's Commercial Heartland
Toronto (York) may have lost the Battle of York in April 1813, but when the War of 1812 ended, the military infrastructure that had been built for defence—the harbour and Yonge and Dundas streets—contributed to the growth of the small town of York into the City of Toronto, the country’s centre of industry and commerce.
The stories and sites collected under the theme “Industry and Commerce” illustrate the importance of the harbour and the Don River to post-war industrial development as well as the growth of centres of finance and commerce along the Yonge Street corridor, and the expansion along other transportation corridors, notably rail lines.
This trail highlights stories of manufacturing along the waterfront, and the financial and commercial heartland radiating from King and Yonge. It begins at the Redpath Sugar Refinery, which functions on the waterfront to this day, albeit with very different neighbours from those at its outset.
Queen Opens Sugar Refinery , 1854
95 Queen's Quay E.
Preserving Our Industrial Past , 1832
Protesters Shout Down Planners and Save Market , 1971
St. Lawrence Market
Toronto’s Very Own “Flatiron Building” , 1891
49 Wellington St. E.
Calling Home from the Tallest Building in the British Commonwealth , January 13, 1931
25 King St. W.
New Masterpiece Replaces Old , 1967
66 Wellington St. W.
Toronto’s Skyscraper Row , 1911
Yonge St. and King St.
Icon of Canadian Business History , 1853
10 Toronto St.
Canada's First Indoor Shopping Mall , 1884
137 Yonge St.
Chicken Pot Pie in Fairyland , 1929
401 Bay St.
Eaton Centre Endures as a Retail Landmark , February 10, 1977
220 Yonge St.
“Poor House” Moves to New Quarters , 1848
87 Elm St.
Eaton Auditorium Tops Art Deco Inspired Department Store , 1930
444 Yonge St.
Printers Demand a Nine-Hour Day , 1872
Queen's Park Crescent E.