Storm Separates Toronto from Islands

1858

Ward's Island

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On the morning of April 13, 1858, hotelkeeper John Quinn and his family prepared for a party to reward the workmen who had rebuilt his hotel after two years of storm damage. Quinn’s Hotel was situated in an increasingly precarious location: the eastern narrows of a long sandbar stretching into the harbour that locals dubbed “the peninsula.”

The Chippewa approaching Toronto through the Eastern Gap, Toronto Islands, July 1918 (courtesy Toronto Reference Library, Baldwin Room/E-964-6-50).

What are today the Toronto Islands were formed over millennia by sand being pushed out into the lake by the Don River. The sand first formed a long peninsula–not an island at all.

In 1853, the same year Quinn bought the former Peninsula Hotel, the first major breach of the narrows connecting the peninsula to the mainland occurred. While intervening breaches were repaired, officials dithered over whether to provide permanent protection to the peninsula or to let nature take its course.

During the party preparations in April 1858, a severe storm approached. Quinn, accompanied by his seven-year-old daughter Jenny, ferried the workers back to the city. After a difficult journey back, John and Jenny found the rest of the family clinging to boards amid rising waters. Quinn’s wife never recovered from the shock and Jenny was sent to live with relatives in Rochester for a year. The fury of the storm carved a channel four to five feet deep next to the hotel.

This breach proved permanent—within a month, steamers were able to pass through the eastern gap, and the peninsula had become Toronto Island.

By Jamie Bradburn

Visit The Canadian Encyclopedia for more on the Toronto Islands.

A survey of York harbour by Lieutenant Joseph Bouchette of the Royal Navy, c. 1792 (public domain). View the image gallery