Saving Old House Inspires Preservation

April 01, 1972

160 Queen St. W.

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When the Queen Mother officially opened Campbell House in its new University Avenue location, Torontonians saw a treasure from their past restored. In a city that had been demolishing many of its finest old buildings, this demonstration of reverence for a distinguished work of 19th-century architecture and a piece of Toronto history showed a change in public opinion in favour of heritage preservation.

Threatened with demolition in 1972, the house was saved by The Advocates' Society, who moved the 270-tonne structure to its current site and restored the building (photo courtesy Derek Flack).

The Campbell House was built by Sir William Campbell, Chief Justice of Upper Canada, and his wife Hanna in 1822. The stately Georgian house originally stood at what is now the intersection of Adelaide and Frederick streets. After serving as a private residence for most of the 19th century, it was turned into a business office and even a factory for horseshoe nails as its neighbourhood transformed into a commercial and industrial area. In 1972, its owners, the Coutts-Hallmark Greeting Cards Company, wanted to use its location for a parking lot. They offered the building to anyone who would move it.

Given the home’s association with a former Chief Justice, an association of trial lawyers (the Advocates Group) raised the funds to move the Campbell House to its present location. The move was a spectacular public event. Streets were shut down and crowds gawked as the 270-tonne structure crept the 1617 metres to its new foundation.

Today the Campbell House is a museum and art gallery, as well as a club for members of the Advocates Society. Most importantly, its move inspired those who shared a love for architectural integrity and a sense of history to unite in preserving remnants of Old Toronto.

By Dennis Smith

Visit The Canadian Encyclopedia for more on Toronto.

Campbell House on Duke Street (dating from 1822) underwent numerous changes, including housing a nail business (courtesy Toronto Public Library). View the image gallery