A Microcosm of the Canadian Mosaic

1960

Kensington Market

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If Toronto is a “city for all,” then Kensington is a “neigbourhood for all.” Since the early 20th century waves of immigrants from different parts of the world have created there a colourful microcosm of the Canadian mosaic.

Fiona Reid, Al Waxman and Helene Winston, the stars of King of Kensington (publicity photo, public domain).

Located west of Spadina Avenue in the heart of downtown Toronto, what is now Kensington Market was once an ordinary cluster of residential Toronto streets, with homes built in the mid-to-late 19th century. In the first decades of the 20th century, the area became a preferred neighbourhood for many recent Jewish immigrants from Russia and eastern and south-central Europe. Jewish merchants sold their wares from pushcarts and horse-drawn wagons, while others converted the first floors of their homes into stores along Kensington Avenue and Baldwin Street, where they sold crated chickens, live fish, pickles and cheeses made on site.

As the decades passed, most of Kensington's Jewish residents moved out of the area, and other newcomers moved in. The Portuguese painted the old house fronts in bright colours, and decorated front yards with religious icons. In the 1960s, families from the Caribbean, China, and East India arrived and opened up shops, many continuing the Jewish tradition of opening stores on the first floor of their homes.

Today, Kensington Market remains a fiercely independent, vibrant, and diverse commercial and residential neigbourhood. It was declared a National Historic Site in 2006.

By James Marsh

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Kensington Market, c 2012 (photo © by James Marsh). View the image gallery