Lakefront Superhighway Named for “Big Daddy”


Gardiner Expressway

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Toronto loves to hate the Gardiner Expressway. Its construction meant the demolition of homes and a popular amusement park, paving over parkland and creating a long elevated barrier between the city and its lake. It was a 1950s answer to Toronto’s boom, and one of the first projects undertaken by the new Metro Toronto government and the most tenacious and forceful chairman in its history, Frederick G. Gardiner, Toronto’s “Big Daddy.”

Frederick G. Gardiner, c 1950s (courtesy City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 207, Series 1251, Item 367).

In eight years as the Metro Chairman (1954 to 1962), Gardiner pushed through the construction of two expressways, new municipal water and wastewater plants, expanded transit and large-scale social housing and park projects.

He was criticized for being undemocratic. “When he really wanted something, he just came and beat it out of you,” said Toronto mayor Nathan Phillips. Gardiner himself said, “I don’t care if I win or lose. But I win.” His personal vision, strength of will, relentless energy and political acumen achieved tremendous results in a relatively short span of time.

He was a colourful big city leader and it is fitting that such an imposing, ambitious and controversial project as the Gardiner Expressway should bear his name.

By Dennis Smith

Visit The Canadian Encyclopedia for more on Toronto.

It was deemed cheaper to tear down the Leslie Street section of the Gardiner Expressway, shown here in 2001, than to repair it (courtesy City of Toronto Archives/Series 572, File 98). View the image gallery